Welcome to Troy Footprints, a project which has been slowly simmering over many years. I want to show you around an area known as the Troad or more currently the Biga Peninsula. The Troad comes from Troy, this area’s most famous ancient city and a tourist attraction for over two millennia. Why did this relatively small town in a fortunate location come to be a point of attraction for so many people? And how far has its influence spread?
Where in the World
The Biga Peninsula encompasses the area west of the line roughly from Biga in the north to Edremit in the south, forming a Roman nose-shaped peninsula jutting westward. It’s surrounded by the Sea of Marmara to the north, the Dardanelles or Çanakkale straits to the northwest, the Aegean to the west and the Gulf of Edremit to the south. It contains a range of mountains along the southern edge called Mount Ida or Kazdağı which passes into hilly land to the north. The edges of the peninsula are mainly flatter, including the area around Troy in the northwest and plains around Biga.
The region has many faces, from the bubbling streams of the mountains and lush pastures, to arid Mediterranean maquis scrubland, from fertile agricultural land to tall pine forests. The geology is similarly diverse from sandy unconsolidated sediments to rounded granodiorite hills to limestone and metamorphic rocks.
The area has been settled for millennia and is dotted with a range of ruins and ancient sites. Some are merely scattered blocks of stone representing tumbled walls, others are full cities with theatres, markets and temples.
Currently the largest city is Çanakkale on the straits, a town of over 160,000 people and the administrative centre of the province called Çanakkale. Other counties in this province in the area are centred around the towns of Ezine, Lapseki, Bayramiç, Çan and Yenice. The Troad also includes part of the province of Balıkesir, mainly Edremit.